Infection control is a systematic and practical approach that is designed by health care establishments to control and prevent harm caused by infection to patients and healthcare workers.
How Do Infections Spread?
It is a true fact that germs are present in almost everywhere, air, soil, water, and, in fact, our bodies, too. There are good germs and bad germs. Infections are caused by germs that are harmful to the body.
Infections are caused by three things:
- Source: The point of infectious germs
- Susceptible Person: The channel via which harmful germs enter the body
- Transmission: Means by which germs enter the susceptible person
Training and Education
Training and education are an integral part of infection control. It's an integral part of helping healthcare providers to learn and understand the principles of infection control and risk assessment.
Infection Control Basics
There are generally two levels of precaution recommended to healthcare organizations to prevent the spread of infections. They are standard precautions and transmission-based precautions.
1. Standard Precautions for All Patient Care
A standardized approach to avoid the risk of infection and prevent it from spreading from patient to patient.
2. Transmission-based Precautions
This is an added precaution used in addition to the standard ones for patients showing sign and symptoms of infection.